Linux VPS使用Rclone挂载Google Drive为本地硬盘使用

说明

本教程只适用Debian/Ubuntu系统,如果你是CentOS或者其它Linux系统,请使用以下命令安装rclone 

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

安装rclone

Debian/Ubuntu

wget https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/mvpsky/cdn/other/rclone_debian.sh && bash rclone_debian.sh

开始配置

rclone config

详细配置过程

n) New remote  s) Set configuration password  q) Quit config  n/s/q> n   #输入n回车,新建配置  name> GD   #新建配置的名称,随意填写,后面会用到  Type of storage to configure.  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  Choose a number from below, or type in your own value   1 / 1Fichier      "fichier"   2 / Alias for an existing remote      "alias"   3 / Amazon Drive      "amazon cloud drive"   4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Provider (AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, etc)      "s3"   5 / Backblaze B2      "b2"   6 / Box      "box"   7 / Cache a remote      "cache"   8 / Dropbox      "dropbox"   9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote      "crypt"  10 / FTP Connection      "ftp"  11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)      "google cloud storage"  12 / Google Drive      "drive"  13 / Google Photos      "google photos"  14 / Hubic      "hubic"  15 / JottaCloud      "jottacloud"  16 / Koofr      "koofr"  17 / Local Disk      "local"  18 / Mega      "mega"  19 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage      "azureblob"  20 / Microsoft OneDrive      "onedrive"  21 / OpenDrive      "opendrive"  22 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)      "swift"  23 / Pcloud      "pcloud"  24 / Put.io      "putio"  25 / QingCloud Object Storage      "qingstor"  26 / SSH/SFTP Connection      "sftp"  27 / Union merges the contents of several remotes      "union"  28 / Webdav      "webdav"  29 / Yandex Disk      "yandex"  30 / http Connection      "http"  31 / premiumize.me      "premiumizeme"  Storage> 12       #选择需要挂载的网盘  ** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **    Google Application Client Id  Setting your own is recommended.  See https://rclone.org/drive/#making-your-own-client-id for how to create your own.  If you leave this blank, it will use an internal key which is low performance.  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  client_id>        #默认直接回车,或者输入自己的OAuth ID  Google Application Client Secret  Setting your own is recommended.  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  client_secret>    #默认直接回车,或者输入自己的OAuth秘锁  Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  Choose a number from below, or type in your own value   1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.      "drive"   2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.      "drive.readonly"     / Access to files created by rclone only.   3 | These are visible in the drive website.     | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.      "drive.file"     / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.   4 | This is not visible in the drive website.      "drive.appfolder"     / Allows read-only access to file metadata but   5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.      "drive.metadata.readonly"  scope> 1          #默认输入1回车  ID of the root folder  Leave blank normally.  Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  root_folder_id>  #默认直接回车  Service Account Credentials JSON file path   Leave blank normally.  Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.  Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").  service_account_file>   Edit advanced config? (y/n)  y) Yes  n) No  y/n> n           #是否编辑高级配置,输入n回车  Remote config  Use auto config?   * Say Y if not sure   * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine  y) Yes  n) No  y/n> n          #是否使用自动配置,输入n回车  If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/XXX  Log in and authorize rclone for access  Enter verification code> XXXX  #复制上面的链接在浏览器中打开,将得到的授权码复制到这里后回车  Configure this as a team drive?  y) Yes  n) No  y/n> y          #是否挂载团队网盘,如果没有输入n回车,需要挂载团队版输入y回车  Fetching team drive list...  Choose a number from below, or type in your own value   1 / SunPma      "0ADYACmKjlU3JUk9PVA"  Enter a Team Drive ID> 1      #选择你需要挂载的团队盘然后回车  --------------------  [SUNPMAGD]  type = drive  scope = drive  token = {"access_token":"XXX","expiry":"2019-10-23T14:32:06.481207275+08:00"}  team_drive = 0ADYACmKjlU3JUk9PVA  --------------------  y) Yes this is OK  e) Edit this remote  d) Delete this remote  y/e/d> y       #默认输入y回车  Current remotes:    Name                 Type  ====                 ====  SUNPMAGD             drive    e) Edit existing remote  n) New remote  d) Delete remote  r) Rename remote  c) Copy remote  s) Set configuration password  q) Quit config  e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q   #输入q回车,保存配置退出

新建本地挂载文件夹

mkdir /home/GD

挂载磁盘

说明

#/usr/bin/rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder   下面整体代码中最上面的这条需要自己修改,不要直接复制,注意代码中有空格  DriveName       #配置时填写的name  Folder          #网盘里要挂载的文件夹名  LocalFolder     #本地要挂载的文件夹绝对路径  例:/usr/bin/rclone mount GD:VPS /home/GoogleDrive 

挂载

#下面代码是一个整体,全部复制后粘贴运行  /usr/bin/rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder    --umask 0000    --default-permissions    --allow-non-empty    --allow-other    --transfers 1    --buffer-size 64M    --low-level-retries 200    #如果你还涉及到读取使用,比如使用H5ai等在线播放,就在后面多加上以下三条参数  --dir-cache-time 12h  --vfs-read-chunk-size 32M  --vfs-read-chunk-size-limit 1G

参数说明

--transfers:该参数是最大同时传输任务数量,如果经常传输大文件,或CPU性能不佳,建议设置为单线程,也就是设置为“1”  --buffer-size:该参数为读取每个文件时的内存缓冲区大小,控制rclone上传和挂载的时候的内存占用  --low-level-retries:该参数为传输文件没速度的时候重试次数,没速度的时候,单个会自动睡眠10ms起,然后再重试

挂载成功后,输入df -h命令查看是否挂载成功;

Linux VPS使用Rclone挂载Google Drive为本地硬盘使用

卸载磁盘

fusermount -qzu LocalFolder

LocalFolder为本地挂载文件夹绝对路径

设置自启动

下载并编辑脚本

wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rcloned && nano rcloned

修改以下内容:

NAME=""  #rclone name名,及配置时输入的name  REMOTE=''  #远程文件夹,Google Drive网盘里的挂载的一个文件夹  LOCAL=''  #挂载地址,VPS本地挂载目录

设置自启

apt-get install sudo -y  mv rcloned /etc/init.d/rcloned  chmod +x /etc/init.d/rcloned  update-rc.d -f rcloned defaults  bash /etc/init.d/rcloned start

检测信息显示rclone在运行即可;

Linux VPS使用Rclone挂载Google Drive为本地硬盘使用

rclone命令

### 文件上传  rclone copy /home/backup gdrive:backup  # 本地路径 配置名字:谷歌文件夹路径  ### 文件下载  rclone copy gdrive:backup /home/backup  # 配置名字:谷歌文件夹路径 本地路径  ### 新建文件夹  rclone mkdir gdrive:backup              # 配置名字:谷歌文件夹路径  ### 获取文件夹大小  rclone size gdrive:backup               # 配置名字:谷歌文件夹路径    ### 列表  rclone ls gdrive:backup  rclone lsl gdrive:backup # 比上面多一个显示上传时间  rclone lsd gdrive:backup # 只显示文件夹  ### 挂载  rclone mount gdrive:mm /root/mm &  ### 卸载  fusermount -u  /root/mm    #### 其他 ####  #### https://softlns.github.io/2016/11/28/rclone-guide/  rclone config - 以控制会话的形式添加rclone的配置,配置保存在.rclone.conf文件中。  rclone copy - 将文件从源复制到目的地址,跳过已复制完成的。  rclone sync - 将源数据同步到目的地址,只更新目的地址的数据。   –dry-run标志来检查要复制、删除的数据  rclone move - 将源数据移动到目的地址。  rclone delete - 删除指定路径下的文件内容。  rclone purge - 清空指定路径下所有文件数据。  rclone mkdir - 创建一个新目录。  rclone rmdir - 删除空目录。  rclone check - 检查源和目的地址数据是否匹配。  rclone ls - 列出指定路径下所有的文件以及文件大小和路径。  rclone lsd - 列出指定路径下所有的目录/容器/桶。  rclone lsl - 列出指定路径下所有文件以及修改时间、文件大小和路径。  rclone md5sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个md5sum文件。  rclone sha1sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个sha1sum文件。  rclone size - 获取指定路径下,文件内容的总大小。.  rclone version - 查看当前版本。  rclone cleanup - 清空remote。  rclone dedupe - 交互式查找重复文件,进行删除/重命名操作。
重启:systemctl restart rclone  停止:systemctl stop rclone  状态:systemctl status rclone

将命令挂载到后台运行

挂载后台运行,Rclone的上传下载命令需要开着SSH,SSH断开后任务会中断,对于大文件不太方便,我们可以挂载到后台运行

nohup 这里填写需要执行的命令,注意前后有空格 &

查看进程PID

ps -ef

结束进程PID

kill -6 任务的PID

相关参考:
https://moeclub.org/2017/11/28/500/
https://www.moerats.com/archives/481/
https://www.moerats.com/archives/877/

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